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Why Does My Shoulder Hurt? 5 Common Causes of Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain can be attributed to various causes, ranging from everyday activities to underlying medical conditions. Here are five common causes of shoulder pain:

  1. Rotator Cuff Injuries: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, providing stability and allowing for a wide range of motion. Injuries such as tears, strains, or inflammation of the rotator cuff can lead to shoulder pain. Overuse, trauma, or gradual wear and tear can contribute to these injuries.

  2. Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis): Frozen shoulder occurs when the shoulder joint's capsule thickens and tightens, limiting its movement. This can result in pain and stiffness. The exact cause of frozen shoulder is not always clear, but it can be associated with conditions like diabetes or prolonged immobility.

  3. Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: This occurs when the shoulder's rotator cuff tendons get pinched between the shoulder blade and the head of the Humerus (upper arm bone). Repetitive overhead movements, such as those performed in certain sports or jobs, can contribute to impingement syndrome.

  4. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis can affect various joints, including the shoulder. Over time, the cartilage that cushions the bones in the shoulder joint can wear away, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion.

  5. Bursitis: Bursae are small sacs filled with fluid that help reduce friction between bones and soft tissues in the joints. Inflammation of the bursa (bursitis) can occur in the shoulder, causing pain and discomfort. Repetitive overhead activities or direct trauma to the shoulder can contribute to bursitis.

Other factors that may contribute to shoulder pain include shoulder dislocation, fractures, tendonitis, and referred pain from issues in the neck or upper back. If you experience persistent or severe shoulder pain, it's advisable to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


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