Runner's knee, also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome, is one of the most common causes of anterior knee pain. Patients will often report generalised pain at the front of the knee which is aggravated by running, climbing stairs, and squatting. Studies have shown that the majority of patients will successfully recover when treated with a proper rehabilitation protocol.
Runner's knee is considered to be multifactorial, and secondary to training regimes, and four major contributing factors include:-
1) poor alignment of the lower extremity and/or patella
2) muscular imbalance of the lower extremity
Studies reveal that a combination of knee and hip exercises to increase lower extremity strength, mobility, and function is the most effective intervention. Patella taping has also been shown to reduce pain when used in conjunction with physical therapy. Physical therapy is an important part of the recovery phase, and should be implemented as soon as activity can be tolerated. Positivity is crucial with any injury, and all patients should be given effective time frames for a return to sport.