Subacromial bursitis - shoulder pain

The subacromial bursa is located in the shoulder, in the subacromial space which is approximately 1 - 1.5 cm in height. A bursa is fluid-filled sac designed to lubricate joints and body services that are exposed to friction. Inflammation of the bursa can be caused by:-

# Impingement

# Repetitive overhead injuries

# Rotator cuff injury and/or calcification

# Direct trauma

# Underlying disease

Patients will often present with shoulder pain, particularly when performing overhead activities, and many report disturbed sleep.

Treatment is usually nonoperative, which includes rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, physical therapy, and corticosteroid injections. Surgery is usually advised when conservative treatment fails.