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What is Sciatica?

Sciatica is a condition that affects the sciatic nerve, which is the largest nerve in the body. The sciatic nerve runs from the lower back down to the back of the legs, and it is responsible for controlling the muscles in the legs and providing sensation to the skin. When the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed or irritated, it can cause pain, numbness, or tingling sensations in the back of the legs.

Causes of Sciatica

Sciatica can be caused by a number of different factors. Some of the most common causes of sciatica include:

  • Herniated or bulging discs in the spine

  • Spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal)

  • Degenerative disc disease

  • Piriformis syndrome (compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle)

  • Pregnancy

  • Trauma or injury to the back

Prevention of Sciatica

While sciatica can be difficult to prevent, there are some steps that you can take to reduce your risk of developing the condition. Some tips for preventing sciatica include:

  • Maintaining good posture while sitting, standing, or walking

  • Avoiding prolonged sitting or standing in one position

  • Regular exercise to strengthen the muscles in the back and legs

  • Using proper lifting and bending techniques to avoid injury to the back


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