top of page

"Why Do We Become More Susceptible to Injury as We Age?"

As people age, their bodies undergo physiological changes that can increase the risk of injuries. Several pieces of evidence support the notion that injuries tend to increase with age:

  • Decreased Muscle Mass and Strength: As individuals age, they typically experience a gradual decline in muscle mass and strength, a condition known as sarcopenia. Weaker muscles can lead to falls and other accidents, increasing the likelihood of injuries.

  • Reduced Bone Density: Aging often results in a decrease in bone density, making bones more fragile and susceptible to fractures. This condition, known as osteoporosis, is more common in older adults and contributes to an increased risk of bone injuries from minor falls or accidents.

  • Changes in Balance and Coordination: Age-related changes in the vestibular system, proprioception, and vision can affect balance and co-ordination, making older adults more prone to falls and related injuries.

  • Chronic Health Conditions: Older adults are more likely to have chronic health conditions such as arthritis, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, which can impair mobility and increase the risk of injuries.

  • Slower Healing Process: Aging can slow down the body's healing process, prolonging recovery time from injuries and increasing the risk of complications.

  • Medication Use: Older adults often take multiple medications to manage chronic conditions, and some medications can affect cognitive function, balance, or reaction times, increasing the risk of accidents and injuries.

  • Environmental Factors: Older adults may face environmental challenges such as uneven surfaces, poor lighting, and obstacles at home or in public spaces, which can increase the risk of falls and injuries.

  • Lifestyle Factors: Changes in lifestyle, including decreased physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour, can contribute to muscle weakness, decreased flexibility, and other factors that increase the risk of injuries.

Research studies, healthcare data, and epidemiological analyses provide substantial evidence supporting the relationship between aging and increased injury risk. Public health initiatives often focus on fall prevention and injury reduction strategies tailored to older adults to mitigate these risks and promote healthy aging.


bottom of page